Cree Medicine (A-G)

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The information on these pages is for historical and cultural reference only. We do not recommend or encourage the use of these plants or remedies without experienced supervision and utilizing appropriate protocols.


 

Agrimony-agrimonia-gryposepelaPhoto-by-Jeffrey-S.-PippenPhoto by Jeff Pippen

Agrimony (agrimonia gryposepela)-FOLIAGE-2-Photo by Jeffrey S. Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

Agrimony (agrimonia gryposepela)-FOLIAGE-Photo by Jeffrey S. PippenPhoto by Jeff Pippen

Botanical Name: Agrimonia striata
Cree Name: ——
English Name(s): Agrimony, stickwort


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Prairie Alumroot (Heuchera richarssonii)-1-creative commons

Prairie Alumroot (Heuchera richardsonii)-1-Prairie Moon Nursery
Courtesy Prairie Moon Nursery

Heuchera_richardsonii_Prairie_Alumroot_public-domain

Botanical Name: Heuchera richardsonii
Cree Name: Pithikocipihk
English Name(s): Alumroot, prairie alumroot, rock geranium


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Wild Licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota)

Botanical Name: Glycyrrhiza lepidota
Cree Name: ——
English Name: American Licorice


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Sagittaria sagittifolia

Arum-leaved arrowhead (Sagittaria cuneata)-2
This image courtesy of Prairie Moon Nursery

Botanical Name: Sagittaria cuneate
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Arum-leaved arrowhead


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Arrow-Leaved Coltsfoot (Petasites sagittatus)-1-Courtesy Hill Farm Nursery
Courtesy Hill Farm Nursery

Arrow-Leaved Coltsfoot (Petasites sagittatus)-1-Courtesy Hill Farm Nursery
Courtesy Hill Farm Nursery


Arrow-Leaved Coltsfoot (Petasites sagittatus)-1-Courtesy Hill Farm Nursery
Courtesy Hill Farm Nursery

Arrow-Leaved Coltsfoot (Petasites sagittatus)-1-Courtesy Hill Farm Nursery
Courtesy Hill Farm Nursery

Botanical Name: Petasites sagittatus
Cree Name: Mosotawakayipak, miyokatayinipiya
English Name(s): Arrow leaved coltsfoot, frog leaves


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False Solomons Seal (Smilacina racemosa)-1-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

False Solomons Seal (Smilacina racemosa)-2-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen


False Solomons Seal (Smilacina racemosa)-3-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

Maianthemum_racemosum_4930[1]


False Solomons Seal (Smilacina racemosa)-3-Photo by Stan Navrati
Photo by Stan Navrati

 

Botanical Name: Smilacina racemosa
Cree Name: Kawawkanaht
English Name(s): Backbone root, False Solomon’s seal


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Populus_balsamifera [As a work of the U.S. federal government, this image is in the public domain.]

Balsam poplar (Populus angustifolia)-trunk

Botanical Name: Populous balsamifera
Cree Name: Osimisk, Mayimiyitos
English Name: Balsam poplar, Black poplar


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Balsam-Abies_balsamea

Botanical Name: Abies balsamea
Cree Name: Napakasita
English Name(s): Balsam fir, flat needled spruce


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Balsam Root (balsamorhiza sagittata)-1-Photo by Larry Hufford
Photo by Larry Hufford

Balsam Root (balsamorhiza sagittata)-1-wikimedia commons


Balsam Root (balsamorhiza sagittata)-1-Photo by Mark Connors
Photo by Mark Connors (Wikimedia Commons)

ArrowLeafBalsamRoot-public-domain

Botanical Name: Balsamorhiza sagittata
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Balsamroot


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bear-grease

450px-Medved_mzoo[1]

Botanical Name: Ursidae, Ursis
Cree Name: Maskwa
English Name: Bear Grease (rendered bear fat)


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Bearberry (uva ursi)

Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)

Botanical Name: Uva Ursi
Cree Name:  Maskomin
English Name: Bearberry


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Osha Root (ligusticum porteri)-1-Courtesy of Russ Kleinman-WNMU
Courtesy of Russ Kleinman, WNMU

Osha Root (ligusticum porteri)-2-Courtesy of Russ Kleinman-WNMU
Courtesy of Russ Kleinman, WNMU


Osha Root (ligusticum porteri)-4-Courtesy of Russ Kleinman-WNMU
Courtesy of Russ Kleinman, WNMU

Osha Root (ligusticum porteri)-3-Courtesy of Russ Kleinman-WNMU
Courtesy of Russ Kleinman, WNMU


Osha root (Ligusticum porteri)-Photo by Jerry Friedman
Photo by Jerry Friedman
Osha (Ligusticum porteri)
Photo by Jennifer Stewart


Osha (Ligusticum porteri)
Photo by Jennifer Stewart

Botanical Name: Ligusticum Porteri
Cree Name:  Mînwek
English Name(s): Bear Root, Osha Root


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beaver_castors_Castorum
Image courtesy Ed Standinghorn

American_Beaver[1]

Botanical Name: Castorum
Cree Name: Amiskowesinâw
English Name: Beaver Castor (Castoreum is the secretion from the castor sacs of a mature Beaver)


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Hairy Bedstraw (Galium pilosum)-1-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

Hairy Bedstraw (Galium pilosum)-2-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen


Hairy Bedstraw (Galium pilosum)-7-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

Hairy Bedstraw (Galium pilosum)-5-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen


Galium_spp-Bedstraw-cleavers

Botanical Name: Galium spp.
Cree Name: ——
English Name(s): Bedstraws, cleavers


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Bitteroot (Lewisia rediviva)©2009 Walter Siegmund
©2009 Walter Siegmund
Bitterroot (Lewisia rediviva var. rediviva)

Botanical Name: Lewisia rediviva
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Bitterroot


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Black-Spruce_Picea_mariana

Botanical Name: Pica mariana
Cree Name: Minahyik
English Name(s): Black spruce


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Blazing_Star_liatris_spicata

Blazing Star (liatris spicata)-2-courtesy-bulbs-to-blooms
Photo courtesy of Bulbs to Blooms

Botanical Name: Liatris spp.
Cree Name: ——
English Name(s): Blazing stars, gayfeather


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Black cohosh (cimicifuga racemosa)-1-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

Black cohosh (Actaea racemosa)-2-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen


black-cohosh-cimicifuga-racemosa-public-domain

Botanical Name: Cimicifuga Racemosa
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Black Cohosh Root


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Blanket-Flower_Gaillardia_aristata

Botanical Name: Gaillardia aristata
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Blanket flower


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Bog bean (Menyanthes trifoliata inflorescence)-2-wikimedia

bogbean-menyanthes-trifoliata


Bog bean (Menyanthes trifoliata)-wikimedia

Botanical Name: Menyanthes trifoliata
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Bogbean


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Bog-birch-Betula_pumila

Botanical Name: Betula pumila or betula nana
Cree Name: Apistiwaskwayi
English Name(s): Bog birch, dwarf birch, swamp birch, small birch


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Broadleaf Plantain (Plantago major)-1-Photo by Rasbak
Photo by Rasbak

Broadleaf Plantain (Plantago major)-1-Photo by Frank Vincent
Photo by Frank Vincent


 

Broadleaf-Plantain-Plantago-Major-public-domain

Botanical Name: Plantago Major
Cree Name: Paswepak
English Name(s): Broadleaf plantain, Common plantain, white man’s foot


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Bunch-berry-Cornus_canadensis

Botanical Name: Cornus canadensis
Cree Name: Pihew mina
English Name(s): Bunchberry, cracklers


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Arctium lappa

Botanical Name: Arctium lappa
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Burdock Root


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Carrionflower-Smilax_herbacea

Botanical Name: Smilax herbacea
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Carrionflower


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Cattail-Typha_latifolia

Botanical Name: Typha latifolia
Cree Name: Ohtawaskwa, otâwask
English Name(s): Cattail, ocean plant


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Cedar_Thuja-plicata
Image courtesy of Ed Standinghorn

Botanical Name: Thuja plicata
Cree Name: Mâsikîsk
English Name(s): Cedar


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Photo by Joe Gee
Photo courtesy Joe Gee

Chaga fungus (Inonotus obliquus)-Photo by Tomas Cekanavicius
Photo by Tomas Cekanavicius

Botanical Name: Inonotus obliquus
Cree Name:  Wâsaskwêtow, posâkan
English Name(s): Chaga fungus


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Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)-2

Chokecherry-Prunus_virginiana
Image courtesy Richard St-Pierre

Botanical Name: Prunus virginiana
Cree Name: Tokwayiminana
English Name(s): Chokecherry, circle berry


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Clover-Red_Clover-Trifolium_pratense

Botanical Name: Trifolium pratense
Cree Name: Mostosmetisowihn
English Name(s): Clover, red clover


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Common Plantain: see Broadleaf Plantain


Cowparsnip (Heracleum maximum)-2-Photo by Jeff Pippin
Photo by Jeff Pippin

Cowparsnip (Heracleum maximum)-1-Photo by Jeff Pippin
Photo by Jeff Pippin


Cow-Parsnip_wild-rhubarb_Heracleum_lanatum

Botanical Name: Heracleum lanatum
Cree Name(s): Pukwan-ahtik, askiwiskatask, pakwan?htik
English Name(s): Cow parsnip, wild rhubarb


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Cramp-Bark-Viburnum_opulus_C

Botanical Name: Viburnum opulus
Cree Name: Nêpiminana
English Name: Cramp Bark


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Curled Dock (Rumex crispus)-4-Courtesy of Jim Conrad
Courtesy of Jim Conrad

Curled Dock (Rumex crispus)-3-Courtesy of Jim Conrad
Courtesy of Jim Conrad


Curled Dock (Rumex crispus)-2

Curled-Dock_Rumex_crispus

Botanical Name: Rumex crispis
Cree Name: Osaw ochepihk
English Name: Curled Dock


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Turnera_diffusa_var._aphrodisiaca_001[1]
Image courtesy Wikimedia Commons

Botanical Name: Turnera diffusa
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Damiana


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Diamond-Willow_Salix_bebbiana

Botanical Name: Salix bebbiana
Cree Name: Nepisiyiwaswoto
English Name: Diamond Willow


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diamond-willow-fungus
Image courtesy of purrfectlyherbal.com

Botanical Name: Haploporus odorus
Cree Name: Wihkimâsikan
English Name: Diamond Willow Fungus


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everlastings-pussytoes-Antennaria-dioica

Botanical Name: Antennaria aprica
Cree Name: ——
English Name(s): Everlastings, pussytoes


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Eye-berry_arctic-raspberry_Rubus_arcticus

Botanical Name: Rubus arcticus
Cree Name: Oskisikomina
English Name(s): Eye berry, Arctic raspberry, dwarf raspberry


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False Solomon’s seal: see Backbone root


Fat-root_Dryopteris_carthusiana_sori

Botanical Name: Dryopteris carthusiana
Cree Name: Wiyinohwask
English Name(s): Fat root, narrow spinulose shield fern


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Horsetail (Equisetaceae)

Botanical Name: Equisetaceae arvense
Cree Name: Okocakan-askos
English Name: Field Horsetail


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Fireweed (Chamerion angustifolium)-1-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen
Fireweed (Chamerion angustifolium)-2-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen


Fireweed (Chamerion angustifolium)-3-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen
Fireweed (Chamerion angustifolium)-4-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen


rosebay-willowherb-epilobium-angustifoliumBotanical Name: Epilobium angustifolium
Cree Name(s): ihkapaswa, eskohtiyowaskwa, skohtiyociyipihk
English Name(s): Fireweed, rosebay


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Gentian (Gentiana spp) - Courtesy of Henry Homeyeri
Courtesy of Henry Homeyeri

Gentian_Gentiana_clusii

Botanical Name: Gentiana spp
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Gentian


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Goldenrod_Solidago_canadensis

Botanical Name: Solidago canadensis
Cree Name(s): Chachamos kakew, Ohsawiceyipeyihk
English Name(s): Goldenrod, woundwort, Canadian goldenrod


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giant-hyssop_Agastace_foeniculum

Botanical Name: Agastache foeniculum
Cree Name: Ka-wikipakahk
English Name: Giant hyssop


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Green-Alder_Alnus_viridis_crispa

Botanical Name: Alnus crispa
Cree Name: Atospi
English Name: Green alder, hill willow


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Groundplum-milk-vetch_Astragalus_crassicarpus

Botanical Name: Astragalus crassicarpus
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Groundplum milk-vetch, buffalo pea


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Curlycup_Gumweed_Grindelia_squarrosa

Botanical Name: Grindelia squarrosa
Cree Name: Maskihkih, kapikiyowapakwani
English Name: Gumweed, sticky heads, gumflower


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