Cree Medicine (H-N)

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The information on these pages is for historical and cultural reference only. We do not recommend or encourage the use of these plants or remedies without experienced supervision and utilizing appropriate protocols.


Harebell-Campanula_rotundifolia

Botanical Name: Campanula rotundifolia
Cree Name: Kus-kwa-so-napiskos, mitihimaskihkih
English Name(s): Harebell, bluebell


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Common_hawthorn_Crataegus_monogyna

Botanical Name: Crataegus spp
Cree Name: ——
English Name(s): Hawthorn, mayblossom


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Hazelnut_Corylus_cornuta

Botanical Name: Corylus cornuta
Cree Name: Pakanǡhtihk
English Name(s): Hazelnut, peanut willow


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High-bush-cranberry_Viburnum_opulus

Botanical Name: Viburnum opulus
Cree Name(s): Wisakimin, nepimininana, moosomina
English Name(s): High bush cranberry, squashberry, cramp bark


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Hoary-puccoon_Lithospermum_canescens

Botanical Name: Lithospermum canescens
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Hoary puccoon


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Hoary-Sagebrush_Artemisia_cana

Botanical Name: Artemisia cana
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Hoary sagebrush


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Hops_Humulus_lupulus

Botanical Name: Humulus lupulus
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Hop


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Horsetail_Equisetaceae

Botanical Name: Equisetaceae
Cree Name:  Miscanikwacâsôsôsa
English Name: Horsetail


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Indian-breadroot_Prairie-turnip_psoralea-esculenta

Botanical Name: Psoralea esculenta
Cree Name:  Mix-tas-coos-se-nena
English Name: Indian breadroot, prairie turnip


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Jack-Pine_Pinus_banksiana

Botanical Name: Pinus banksiana
Cree Name:  Askatikos, os-ka-tuk
English Name: Jack pine


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Kings-Plant_Lungwort_Mertensia_paniculata

Botanical Name: Mertensia paniculata
Cree Name:  Kasasiyoyakansiyohk, su-ya-kanuk
English Name: King’s plant, Lungwort, tall bluebells


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King-Root_Indian-Paintbrush_Castilleja_raupii

Botanical Name: Castilleja raupii
Cree Name:  Okimawask
English Name: King root, Indian paintbrush, red paintbrush


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Ledum palustre

Labrador Tea (Ledum groenlandicum)-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen


Labrador Tea (Ledum groenlandicum)-2-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

Labrador Tea (Ledum groenlandicum)-3-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

Botanical Name(s): Ledum spp., ledum groenlandicum, ledum palustre
Cree Name(s): Kǡkīkīpak, li-tee-mus-keg, maskêkopak, maskihkohpakwa, ti maskik
English Name(s): Labrador Tea,  muskeg tea


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Long-leafed-sage_Artemisia_longifolia

Botanical Name: Artemisia longifolia
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Long leafed sage


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Love-root_Geum_aleppicum

Botanical Name(s): Geum aleppicum or geum macrophyllum
Cree Name: Sakohtowask
English Name(s): Love root, jealousy root, yellow avens, large-leaved yellow avens


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Low-Juniper_juniperus-communis

Botanical Name: Juniperus communis
Cree Name: Kakakinatik, kahkakew-wahtik
English Name: Low juniper


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Marsh-hedge-nettle_Stachys_palustris

Botanical Name: Stachys palustris
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Marsh hedge nettle


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Marsh_skullcap_Scutellaria_galericulata

Botanical Name: Scutellaria galericulata
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Marsh Skullcap


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marshmallow-root-Althaea-officinalis-public-domain

Botanical Name: Althea Officinalis
Cree Name: ——
English Name: Marsh mallow root


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Meadow-rue_Thalictrum_ssp(aquilegifolium)

Botanical Name: Thalictrum spp
Cree Name: ——
English Name(s):  Meadow-rue, maid of the mist


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Moss_waspaper-lichen_Parmelia_sulcata

Botanical Name: Parmelia sulcata
Cree Name: Waskwiya
English Name(s):  Moss, waxpaper lichen


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Mountain-ash_Sorbus_americana

Botanical Name: Sorbus americana, Sorbus decora
Cree Name: Asiniyociyipiyk, ka-mee-kwa-chih-wah-tak
English Name:  Mountain ash


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Narrow_leaved_meadowsweet_Spiraea_alba-Photo_by_James_Lindsey

Botanical Name: Spiraea alba
Cree Name: ——
English Name(s):  Narrow-leaved meadowsweet, Queen of the prairie


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Nodding Onion (Allium cernuum)-2-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

Nodding-Onion_Allium_cernuum

Nodding Onion (Allium cernuum)-1-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

Botanical Name: Allium cernuum
Cree Name: Pikwaciwicikaskosi
English Name: Nodding onion


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Northern_Gooseberry-Ribes_oxyacanthoides_setosum

Botanical Name: Ribes oxyacanthoides
Cree Name: Sapominahk
English Name(s):  Northern gooseberry, see through berry


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Northern Valerian (Valeriana dioica)-1-wikimedia-Photo by Benjamin Zwittnig
Photo by Benjamin Zwittnig

Northern-Valerian-Valeriana-dioica-1-wikimedia-Photo-by-Kristian-Peters
Photo by Kristian Peters


Northern Valerian (Valeriana dioica)-1-wikimedia-Photo by Meneerke Bloem
Photo by Meneerke Bloem

Northern-valerian_little-root_Valeriana_officinalis

Botanical Name: Valeriana dioica
Cree Name: Apisci sakwi waskwos, apiscakowaskos, mis-ta-sa-gah-wuskha
English Name(s):  Northern valerian, small arrow, little root


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