Cree Medicine (U-Z)

These pages are currently under develpment


Listed by English Names
The information on these pages is for historical and cultural reference only. We do not recommend or encourage the use of these plants or remedies without experienced supervision and utilizing appropriate protocols.

Currently nothing under U

Currently nothing under V

Western Red Lilly (Lilium philadelphicum)

Botanical Name: Lilium philadelphicum
Cree Name:  Wapayoominusk, wah-ki-chan, wah-ki-che-nak
English Name: Western red lily, more than one flowers

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Western Snowberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

Botanical Name: Symphoricarpos occidentalis
Cree Name: Mahekun menes
English Name(s): Western snowberry, wolfberry

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Western water-plantain (Alisma triviale) Photo by Max Licher
Photo by Max Licher

Western water-plantain (Alisma triviale)-2

Botanical Name: Alisma triviale
Cree Name: Mī thīhī masīhkia
English Name: Western water-plantain

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White Birch (Betula papyrifera) trunk

White Birch (Betula papyrifera) foliage

Botanical Name: Betula Papyrifera
Cree Name: Waskway
English Name(s): White Birch, paper birch

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White cinquefoil (Potentilla arguta)

Botanical Name: Potentilla arguta
Cree Name: ——
English Name(s): White cinquefoil, five fingers

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White Spruce (Picea glauca) structure

White Spruce (Picea glauca) closeup

White spruce. Photo by David MacKinnon
Photo by David MacKinnon

Botanical Name: Picea glauca
Cree Name: Siyihtah
English Name: White spruce

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Wild bergamot - beebalm (Monarda fistulosa)-2
Photo courtesy of

Wild bergamot - beebalm (Monarda fistulosa)-3
Photo courtesy of

Botanical Name: Monarda fistulosa
Cree Name: Apiscanakaskisik, leboom, mostoswīkask
English Name(s): Wild bergamot, beebalm

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Wild Licorice: See American Licorice


Wild Mint (Mentha arvensis)-Photo by Michael Becker
Photo by Michael Becker

Wild Mint (Mentha arvensis)-2-wiki

Botanical Name: Mentha arvensis
Cree Name: Amiskowiyikaskwa, amisko-wîhkaskwa, wīkask
English Name: Wild Mint, beaver ears leaves, beaver roots

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Wild Raspberry (Rubus idaeus)

Botanical Name: Rubus idaeus
Cree Name: Athōskan, ayouskanak
English Name(s): Wild raspberry, wild red raspberry

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Wild Rose (Rosa acicularis)

Wild Rose (Rosa acicularis) thorns

Botanical Name: Rosa acicularis
Cree Name: Kami nakuse
English Name(s): Wild rose, prickly rose

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Wild Rose (Rosa woodsii)

Wild Rose (Rosa woodsii) thorns
Photo of thorns by Stan Shebs

Botanical Name: Rosa woodsii
Cree Name: Okiniyi
English Name: Wild rose

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Wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

Botanical Name: Aralia nudicaulis
Cree Name: Wā-pus-wo-tcha-pek, wapos-o-che-pihk
English Name(s): Wild sarsaparilla, Albert ginseng

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Wild Strawberry (Fragaria glauca)

Botanical Name: Fragaria glauca
Cree Name: Otahmin, ohtehim-nah
English Name(s): Wild strawberry, heart berry

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Wild Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)-1-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

Wild Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)-2-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

Wild Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)
Photo courtesy of

Botanical Name: Fragaria viginiana
Cree Name: Ohtihmina
English Name(s): Wild strawberry, heart berry

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Wild Sunflower (Helianthus divaricatus)

Botanical Name: Helianthus spp.
Cree Name: Owtiyhiymeskiyhkiy
English Name: Wild sunflower

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Wolf Willow (Elaeagnus commutata)

Botanical Name: Elaeagnus commutata
Cree Name(s): Wapi-wuskwa-mepise, soniyawniyipsi
English Name(s): Wolf willow, silver berry, silver willow

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Wood Lillies (Lilium philadelphicum)

Botanical Name: Lillium philadelphicum
Cree Name: Wapayoominusk
English Name: Wood lilies

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Currently nothing under X

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)-1-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)-2-Photo by Jeff Pippen
Photo by Jeff Pippen

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)-Wikimedia


Botanical Name: Achillea millefolium
Cree Name: Āmowask, un-ick-wah-chas-i-yo, wapanew-uskwa, wapanowask, wa-pu-ne-wuskwa
English Name: Yarrow Flowers

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Yellow Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis)

Botanical Name: Oenothera biennis
Cree Name: ——
English Name(s): Yellow evening primrose, night willow-herb

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Yellow Pond Lily(Nuphar variegatum)-wiki-2

Yellow Pond Lily(Nuphar variegatum)-wiki-1

Botanical Name: Nuphar Variegatum
Cree Name(s): Oskotamo, waskwatamoh, waskatimiw
English Name(s): Yellow pond-lily, water lily

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Currently nothing under Z